The LoRa physical layer and the LoRaWAN protocol wirelessly connect battery-operated devices and sensors to the Internet in regional, national, or global communication networks.
This article explains LoRa and LoRaWAN, provides applications of the technology, shares why LoRaWAN has become one of the most widely adopted low power wide area networking communication protocols, along with the benefits to users, and gives some examples of instruments.
LoRa, LoRaWAN and the Internet of Things
LoRa and LoRaWAN technology is part of the Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT is a network of physical devices connected to the Internet that can communicate with each other. There are several wireless technologies capable of connecting devices to the Internet; these include:
What are LoRa and LoRaWAN?
Owned by Semtech, LoRa is an acronym for Long Range.LoRa is a physical, non-cellular, wireless technology designed for long-range wireless communication. Put very simply, a low powered sender transmits small data packages (0.3 kps to 5.5 kps), using a low transmission power (~20 mW) to a receiver over a long distance. Semtech RF platforms acquired the technology for non-cellular industrial and home automation, unregulated RF applications requiring extended range, lower cost, less power, and less bandwidth.
LoRaWAN, or LoRaWAN wireless IOT wide-area network (WAN) protocols, refer to the open, cloud-based protocoland system architecture for IoT networks that make it possible for LoRa devices to communicate with each other via networks, platforms, and technologies across the Internet.
The LoRaWAN ecosystem includes a wide range of device and sensor chip manufacturers, server and base station vendors, and other service providers that are part of the LoRa Alliance. A non-profit association of more than 500 member companies, the LoRa Alliance is arguably the fastest growing technology alliance. The mission of its members is to promote both LPWAN connectivity and IoT ecosystems worldwide through the development and promotion of the LoRaWAN open standard.
Figure 1 (below) illustrates how LoRa and LoRaWAN interact with each other.
Figure 1 Designed for IoT communications, LoRa devices, and the LoRaWAN protocol enables the connection between remote point-of-use devices and LPWANs.
Why use LoRaWAN in IoT projects
The following list of benefits exemplifies why of LoRa and LoRaWAN is one of the most widely adopted LPWAN protocols.
Ideal Applications for LoRa and LoRaWAN
LoRa devices using LoRaWAN protocol are an excellent fit for smart meters, detection devices, smart agricultural, environmental monitoring devices, and far more, including industrial applications.
Examples of LoRa and LoRaWAN Products at Instrument Choice
The IC-RAK7243 is a preassembled, fully functional LoRaWAN gateway. It can receive up to 8 LoRa packets simultaneously sent with different spreading factors on different channels. The gateway is developer-friendly and straightforward-to-set-up LoRaWAN system, even for no-so-techy users!
LoRa Module: RAK2243 LoRa Concentrator Module with Heat Sink. (1 x Semtech SX1301 transceiver concentrator and 2 x Semtech SX125X highly integrated RF front end I/Q transceivers)
LoRa Frequency: EU433, CN470, EU868, US915, AS923,AU915, KR920, IN865, AS920
LoRaWAN Version: LoRaWAN V1.0.2
Range: Urban: 2~4km, Suburb: 5~10km, Open Area: >15km
Node Numbers: 500 nodes/km2
TX Power: 27dBm (Max), typical 25dBm
Sensor and Node (Gateway Required)
The IC-SNiP-315L-SL is a 'Sensor Node Integrated Package' for LoRa and LoRaWAN communication of real-time accurate soil moisture measurements, ideal for continuous soil monitoring.
The kit comes with1 x Acclima TDR-315L Sensor, S-NODE with LoRaWAN communications, 13Ah rechargeable li-ion battery, 10W Solar Panel, and SPLM7 mounting system for node and solar panel.
Sensor and Node (Gateway Required)
The IC-SNiP-WS24-SL is a sensor node integrated package for LoRa and LoRaWAN communication of real-time weather parameters for the continuous environmental monitoring of a particular site.
The IC-SNiP-WS24-SL integrates 1x MFR-NODE with1x ATMOS-14 Temperature and Humidity Sensor with a passive radiation shield, 1x ATMOS 22 Sonic Anemometer
and 1x PRP-02 Professional Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge with a mounting bracket. The kit also includes a6.5Ah rechargeable li-ion battery, 10W Solar Panel,
and SPLM7 mounting system for node and solar panel.
LoRa and LoRaWAN have become one of the most widely adopted LPWAN protocols. Instrument Choice offers an extensive range of sensor nodes and gateways, backed by an expert team, to support all your monitoring needs.
For more information on LoRa and LoRaWAN enabled devices, feel free to contact an Instrument Choice scientist. We're here to help! Call 1300 737 871 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.